Children from low-income households are more likely than children from middle and high-income households to be reported to child protective service agencies. Low-income children are disproportionately reported to child protective service agencies, which results in a disparate impact on racial or ethnic minorities being reported. The large number of low-income parents reported for child abuse and neglect results in the unfortunate separation of many low-income and minority families, making both children and parents victims of the Unites States’ child welfare system.
Being that low-income parents are accused of child neglect at a higher rate than parents of other income levels, it is both unjust and unrealistic to require parents who often cannot afford basic necessities, to hire legal counsel. While all parents regardless of their socioeconomic status have the constitutional right to due process, those who can’t afford it are at a greater risk of losing their children which impedes on their right and is unethical. Not only is a low-income parent likely to lack the financial means to secure legal representation but they are also likely to lack the necessary training to understand all of the important legal terms and issues involved during the proceedings which gives them a disadvantage.
Family is described as a basic social unit consisting of parents and their children and is the cornerstone of our democratic society. While it is not specifically mentioned in the Constitution, the family has long been given constitutional protection and family members have been held to enjoy rights of privacy and association. Despite these constitutional rights, certain compelling circumstances, such as child abuse and neglect, allow the state to intervene between the parent and child (Sigmond, 1980).
The House Ways and Means Committee of the Administration on Children, Youth, and Families reported in the 80s, the number of children in foster care began to increase, while the number of children who were adopted from foster care remained static. Most children who enter foster care eventually return to their families, but concern developed in the 90s about the growing number of children who did not return home and were remaining in…
View original post 523 more words