Confucius (551–479 BCE)
Confucius (551–479 BCE) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher whose philosophy emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity.
Confucius lived in a period of the Zhou dynasty when China had splintered into small, independent, warring states ruled over by feudal lords whose authority was maintained not through moral behavior and genuine concern for the welfare of the people, but through laws, punishments and force. ‘Confucius (551–479 bce) and his legacy’ shows that many thinkers attempted to address these problems, but Confucius’ socio-political and philosophical teachings did not win immediate, universal acclaim. The Analects, a collection of his teachings recorded by his disciples, achieved its present form in the second century bce. Its two main concerns are: (1) what makes for a good man; and (2) what makes for good (Daniel K. Gardner, Oxford University Press,:Aug 2014).
Common Era or Current Era
Common Era or Current Era, abbreviated CE, is a calendar era that is often used as an alternative naming of the Anno Domini era (“in the year of the Lord”) abbreviated AD. The system uses BCE as an abbreviation for “before the Common (or Current) Era” and CE as an abbreviation for “Common Era”. The CE/BCE designation uses the same numeric values as the Anno Domini year-numbering system introduced by the 6th-century Christian monk Dionysius Exiguus, intending the beginning[a] of the life of Jesus to be the reference date.
Use of the CE abbreviation was introduced by Jewish academics in the mid-19th century. Since the later 20th century, use of CE and BCE has been popularized in academic and scientific publications and more generally by authors and publishers (wikipedia).
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