Parliament Passed The Act Of Supremacy In 1534
Parliament passed the Act of Supremacy in 1534, which declared Henry to be the “Supreme Head” of the Church of England.
The purpose of the Act was clear, to establish the English monarch as the undisputed head of the Church of England, and therefore supplant the power of the Pope over English society.
In the sixteenth century, rising nationalism, combined with social and economic changes, brought the institution of the Catholic Church into question in ways not seen since its rise to prominence following the reign of the first Christian Emperor of Rome, Constantine (newhistorian.com).
A quick reminder, between 1618 and 1967 perhaps as many as 150,000 children, mainly in the care of poor law guardians or philanthropic organisations, were sent overseas unaccompanied by a parent to begin new lives in British colonies.