The Country Oman
Oman is a country situated in the continent of Southwest Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and United Arab Emirates (UAE).
Human Rights in Oman
Oman is an absolute monarchy in which all legislative, executive, and judiciary power ultimately rests in the hands of the hereditary sultan, and in which the system of laws is based firmly on Islamic sharia.
Prior to 1971 the Shari’a (Islamic) Courts had the jurisdiction to decide on civil and criminal matters, in addition to personal status matters. The Sultan Qaboos Bin Said Al Said ushered in a new era of judicial and administrative reforms in the judicial system in the Sultanate. The legal order of the Sultanate of Oman has been largely codified in a Constitution issued by the Royal Decree n°101/96 on 6 November 1996.
The judicial issues are held by the Ministry of judicial affairs that was created in 1994. The Sultan issues all the judicial appointments. Articles 59, 60 and 61 of the Constitution provides for the rule of Law, the impartiality of the Judge, the independence of the judiciary and the prohibition of any interference in a Law suit or in the matters of justice. According to the Constitution, Court hearings are public except when the Law Court decides to hold the case in camera in the interests of public order or public morals. However, the pronouncement of findings and sentence is made in open session (article 63).
The Organization of Justice
The judiciary is composed of a Higher Council that oversees the smooth running of the Law Courts and auxiliary bodies. The powers of the Council with regard to the functions of the judges and the public prosecutor are defined by the Law (article 66). Civil, Criminal and Commercial cases are all reviewed by the Courts of First Instance. The decisions of the Courts of First Instance can be appealed before one of the six Courts of Appeal in Muscat. The latter Courts are composed of three Judges. The Supreme Court is the final appellate Court that is also in charge of uniting the legal principles. Continue reading →
Thinking is difficult; that is why most people judge.
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