Most judges and attorneys of the lower courts have little, if any, knowledge of the Common Law.
|Noun||1.||common law – (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
service – (law) the acts performed by an English feudal tenant for the benefit of his lord which formed the consideration for the property granted to him
civil law – the body of laws established by a state or nation for its own regulation
|2.||common law – a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws; “common law originated in the unwritten laws of England and was later applied in the United States”|
Barristers are distinguished from solicitors, who have more direct access to clients, and may do transactional-type legal work. It is mainly barristers who are appointed as judges, and they are rarely hired by clients directly.
In a few jurisdictions, barristers are usually forbidden from “conducting” litigation, and can only act on the instructions of a senior solicitor, who performs tasks such as corresponding with parties and the court, and drafting court documents. In England and Wales, barristers may seek authorisation from the Bar Standards Board to conduct litigation. This allows a barrister to practise in a ‘dual capacity’, fulfilling the role of both barrister and solicitor.