Judicature Acts: United Kingdom
There are many procedures by which citizens can challenge the legality of decisions made by public bodies. #law
The Judicature Acts are a series of Acts of Parliament, beginning in the 1870s, which aimed to fuse the hitherto split system of courts in England and Wales. The first two Acts were the Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1873 (36 & 37 Vict c. 66) and the Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1875 (38 & 39 Vict c. 77), with a further series of amending acts (12 in all by 1899).
By the Act of 1873 (ss. 3, 4), the Court of Chancery, the Court of Queen’s Bench (known as the King’s Bench when there is a male Sovereign), the Court of Common Pleas, the Court of Exchequer, the High Court of Admiralty, the Court of Probate, and the Court of Divorce and Matrimonial Causes were consolidated into the Supreme Court of Judicature, subdivided into two courts: the “High Court of Justice” (“High Court”), with (broadly speaking) original jurisdiction, and the “Court of Appeal”. Abstract from: Wikipedia.