Adoption And Safe Families Act


Adoption And Safe Families Act

 

Bill on Nov 13, 1997 (Passed Congress).

H.R.867

Schaefer discussed the Adoption and Safe Families Act, set in motion first by Walter Mondale and in 1997 by Bill Clinton. The law offered cash bonuses to the states for every child adopted out of foster care with the intent of addressing concerns that many children were remaining in foster care for extended periods, or subjected to multiple placements. Foster care parents who adopted their foster care children were also entitled to a check.

One Hundred Fifth Congressof theUnited States of AmericaAT THE FIRST SESSIONSourced from: govtrack.us

begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,

the seventh day of January, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-seven

An Act

To promote the adoption of children in foster care.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(a) SHORT TITLE- This Act may be cited as the ‘Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997’.

(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS- The table of contents of this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

TITLE I–REASONABLE EFFORTS AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR FOSTER CARE AND ADOPTION PLACEMENTS

Sec. 101. Clarification of the reasonable efforts requirement.

Sec. 102. Including safety in case plan and case review system requirements.

Sec. 103. States required to initiate or join proceedings to terminate parental rights for certain children in foster care.

Sec. 104. Notice of reviews and hearings; opportunity to be heard.

Sec. 105. Use of the Federal Parent Locator Service for child welfare services.

Sec. 106. Criminal records checks for prospective foster and adoptive parents.

Sec. 107. Documentation of efforts for adoption or location of a permanent home.

TITLE II–INCENTIVES FOR PROVIDING PERMANENT FAMILIES FOR CHILDREN

Sec. 201. Adoption incentive payments.

Sec. 202. Adoptions across State and county jurisdictions.

Sec. 203. Performance of States in protecting children.

TITLE III–ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENTS AND REFORMS

Sec. 301. Authority to approve more child protection demonstration projects.

Sec. 302. Permanency hearings.

Sec. 303. Kinship care.

Sec. 304. Clarification of eligible population for independent living services.

Sec. 305. Reauthorization and expansion of family preservation and support services.

Sec. 306. Health insurance coverage for children with special needs.

Sec. 307. Continuation of eligibility for adoption assistance payments on behalf of children with special needs whose initial adoption has been dissolved.

Sec. 308. State standards to ensure quality services for children in foster care.

TITLE IV–MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 401. Preservation of reasonable parenting.

Sec. 402. Reporting requirements.

Sec. 403. Sense of Congress regarding standby guardianship.

Sec. 404. Temporary adjustment of Contingency Fund for State Welfare Programs.

Sec. 405. Coordination of substance abuse and child protection services.

Sec. 406. Purchase of American-made equipment and products.

TITLE V–EFFECTIVE DATE

Sec. 501. Effective date.

TITLE I–REASONABLE EFFORTS AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR FOSTER CARE AND ADOPTION PLACEMENTS 

SEC. 101. CLARIFICATION OF THE REASONABLE EFFORTS REQUIREMENT.

(a) IN GENERAL- Section 471(a)(15) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 671(a)(15)) is amended to read as follows:

‘(15) provides that–

‘(A) in determining reasonable efforts to be made with respect to a child, as described in this paragraph, and in making such reasonable efforts, the child’s health and safety shall be the paramount concern;

‘(B) except as provided in subparagraph (D), reasonable efforts shall be made to preserve and reunify families–

‘(i) prior to the placement of a child in foster care, to prevent or eliminate the need for removing the child from the child’s home; and

‘(ii) to make it possible for a child to safely return to the child’s home;

‘(C) if continuation of reasonable efforts of the type described in subparagraph (B) is determined to be inconsistent with the permanency plan for the child, reasonable efforts shall be made to place the child in a timely manner in accordance with the permanency plan, and to complete whatever steps are necessary to finalize the permanent placement of the child;

‘(D) reasonable efforts of the type described in subparagraph (B) shall not be required to be made with respect to a parent of a child if a court of competent jurisdiction has determined that–

‘(i) the parent has subjected the child to aggravated circumstances (as defined in State law, which definition may include but need not be limited to abandonment, torture, chronic abuse, and sexual abuse);

‘(ii) the parent has–

‘(I) committed murder (which would have been an offense under section 1111(a) of title 18, United States Code, if the offense had occurred in the special maritime or territorial jurisdiction of the United States) of another child of the parent;

‘(II) committed voluntary manslaughter (which would have been an offense under section 1112(a) of title 18, United States Code, if the offense had occurred in the special maritime or territorial jurisdiction of the United States) of another child of the parent;

‘(III) aided or abetted, attempted, conspired, or solicited to commit such a murder or such a voluntary manslaughter; or

‘(IV) committed a felony assault that results in serious bodily injury to the child or another child of the parent; or

‘(iii) the parental rights of the parent to a sibling have been terminated involuntarily;

‘(E) if reasonable efforts of the type described in subparagraph (B) are not made with respect to a child as a result of a determination made by a court of competent jurisdiction in accordance with subparagraph (D)–

‘(i) a permanency hearing (as described in section 475(5)(C)) shall be held for the child within 30 days after the determination; and

‘(ii) reasonable efforts shall be made to place the child in a timely manner in accordance with the permanency plan, and to complete whatever steps are necessary to finalize the permanent placement of the child; and

‘(F) reasonable efforts to place a child for adoption or with a legal guardian may be made concurrently with reasonable efforts of the type described in subparagraph (B);’.

(b) DEFINITION OF LEGAL GUARDIANSHIP- Section 475 of such Act (42 U.S.C. 675) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘(7) The term ‘legal guardianship’ means a judicially created relationship between child and caretaker which is intended to be permanent and self-sustaining as evidenced by the transfer to the caretaker of the following parental rights with respect to the child: protection, education, care and control of the person, custody of the person, and decisionmaking. The term ‘legal guardian’ means the caretaker in such a relationship.’.

(c) CONFORMING AMENDMENT- Section 472(a)(1) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 672(a)(1)) is amended by inserting ‘for a child’ before ‘have been made’.

(d) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- Part E of title IV of such Act (42 U.S.C. 670-67942 U.S.C. 670-67942 U.S.C. 670-67942 U.S.C. 670-67942 U.S.C. 670-679) is amended by inserting after section 477 the following:

‘SEC. 478. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

‘Nothing in this part shall be construed as precluding State courts from exercising their discretion to protect the health and safety of children in individual cases, including cases other than those described in section 471(a)(15)(D).’.

SEC. 102. INCLUDING SAFETY IN CASE PLAN AND CASE REVIEW SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS.

Title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.) is amended–

(1) in section 422(b)(10)(B)–

(A) in clause (iii)(I), by inserting ‘safe and’ after ‘where’; and

(B) in clause (iv), by inserting ‘safely’ after ‘remain’; and

(2) in section 475–

(A) in paragraph (1)–

(i) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ‘safety and’ after ‘discussion of the’; and

(ii) in subparagraph (B)–

(I) by inserting ‘safe and’ after ‘child receives’; and

(II) by inserting ‘safe’ after ‘return of the child to his own’; and

(B) in paragraph (5)–

(i) in subparagraph (A), in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting ‘a safe setting that is’ after ‘placement in’; and

(ii) in subparagraph (B)–

(I) by inserting ‘the safety of the child,’ after ‘determine’; and

(II) by inserting ‘and safely maintained in’ after ‘returned to’.

SEC. 103. STATES REQUIRED TO INITIATE OR JOIN PROCEEDINGS TO TERMINATE PARENTAL RIGHTS FOR CERTAIN CHILDREN IN FOSTER CARE.

(a) REQUIREMENT FOR PROCEEDINGS- Section 475(5) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(5)) is amended–

(1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (C);

(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (D) and inserting ‘; and’; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

‘(E) in the case of a child who has been in foster care under the responsibility of the State for 15 of the most recent 22 months, or, if a court of competent jurisdiction has determined a child to be an abandoned infant (as defined under State law) or has made a determination that the parent has committed murder of another child of the parent, committed voluntary manslaughter of another child of the parent, aided or abetted, attempted, conspired, or solicited to commit such a murder or such a voluntary manslaughter, or committed a felony assault that has resulted in serious bodily injury to the child or to another child of the parent, the State shall file a petition to terminate the parental rights of the child’s parents (or, if such a petition has been filed by another party, seek to be joined as a party to the petition), and, concurrently, to identify, recruit, process, and approve a qualified family for an adoption, unless–

‘(i) at the option of the State, the child is being cared for by a relative;

‘(ii) a State agency has documented in the case plan (which shall be available for court review) a compelling reason for determining that filing such a petition would not be in the best interests of the child; or

‘(iii) the State has not provided to the family of the child, consistent with the time period in the State case plan, such services as the State deems necessary for the safe return of the child to the child’s home, if reasonable efforts of the type described in section 471(a)(15)(B)(ii) are required to be made with respect to the child.’.

(b) DETERMINATION OF BEGINNING OF FOSTER CARE- Section 475(5) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(5)), as amended by subsection (a), is amended–

(1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (D);

(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (E) and inserting ‘; and’; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

‘(F) a child shall be considered to have entered foster care on the earlier of–

‘(i) the date of the first judicial finding that the child has been subjected to child abuse or neglect; or

‘(ii) the date that is 60 days after the date on which the child is removed from the home.’.

(c) TRANSITION RULES-

(1) NEW FOSTER CHILDREN- In the case of a child who enters foster care (within the meaning of section 475(5)(F) of the Social Security Act) under the responsibility of a State after the date of the enactment of this Act–

(A) if the State comes into compliance with the amendments made by subsection (a) of this section before the child has been in such foster care for 15 of the most recent 22 months, the State shall comply with section 475(5)(E) of the Social Security Act with respect to the child when the child has been in such foster care for 15 of the most recent 22 months; and

(B) if the State comes into such compliance after the child has been in such foster care for 15 of the most recent 22 months, the State shall comply with such section 475(5)(E) with respect to the child not later than 3 months after the end of the first regular session of the State legislature that begins after such date of enactment.

(2) CURRENT FOSTER CHILDREN- In the case of children in foster care under the responsibility of the State on the date of the enactment of this Act, the State shall–

(A) not later than 6 months after the end of the first regular session of the State legislature that begins after such date of enactment, comply with section 475(5)(E) of the Social Security Act with respect to not less than 1/3 of such children as the State shall select, giving priority to children for whom the permanency plan (within the meaning of part E of title IV of the Social Security Act) is adoption and children who have been in foster care for the greatest length of time;

(B) not later than 12 months after the end of such first regular session, comply with such section 475(5)(E) with respect to not less than 2/3 of such children as the State shall select; and

(C) not later than 18 months after the end of such first regular session, comply with such section 475(5)(E) with respect to all of such children.

(3) TREATMENT OF 2-YEAR LEGISLATIVE SESSIONS- For purposes of this subsection, in the case of a State that has a 2-year legislative session, each year of the session is deemed to be a separate regular session of the State legislature.

(4) REQUIREMENTS TREATED AS STATE PLAN REQUIREMENTS- For purposes of part E of title IV of the Social Security Act, the requirements of this subsection shall be treated as State plan requirements imposed by section 471(a) of such Act.

(d) RULE OF CONSTRUCTION- Nothing in this section or in part E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 670 et seq.), as amended by this Act, shall be construed as precluding State courts or State agencies from initiating the termination of parental rights for reasons other than, or for timelines earlier than, those specified in part E of title IV of such Act, when such actions are determined to be in the best interests of the child, including cases where the child has experienced multiple foster care placements of varying durations.

SEC. 104. NOTICE OF REVIEWS AND HEARINGS; OPPORTUNITY TO BE HEARD.

Section 475(5) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(5)), as amended by section 103, is amended–

(1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of subparagraph (E);

(2) by striking the period at the end of subparagraph (F) and inserting ‘; and’; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

‘(G) the foster parents (if any) of a child and any preadoptive parent or relative providing care for the child are provided with notice of, and an opportunity to be heard in, any review or hearing to be held with respect to the child, except that this subparagraph shall not be construed to require that any foster parent, preadoptive parent, or relative providing care for the child be made a party to such a review or hearing solely on the basis of such notice and opportunity to be heard.’.

SEC. 105. USE OF THE FEDERAL PARENT LOCATOR SERVICE FOR CHILD WELFARE SERVICES.

Section 453 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 653) is amended–

(1) in subsection (a)(2)–

(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting ‘or making or enforcing child custody or visitation orders,’ after ‘obligations,’; and

(B) in subparagraph (A)–

(i) by striking ‘or’ at the end of clause (ii);

(ii) by striking the comma at the end of clause (iii) and inserting ‘; or’; and

(iii) by inserting after clause (iii) the following:

‘(iv) who has or may have parental rights with respect to a child,’; and

(2) in subsection (c)–

(A) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (3) and inserting ‘; and’; and

(B) by adding at the end the following:

‘(4) a State agency that is administering a program operated under a State plan under subpart 1 of part B, or a State plan approved under subpart 2 of part B or under part E.’.

SEC. 106. CRIMINAL RECORDS CHECKS FOR PROSPECTIVE FOSTER AND ADOPTIVE PARENTS.

Section 471(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 671(a)) is amended–

(1) by striking ‘and’ at the end of paragraph (18);

(2) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (19) and inserting ‘; and’; and

(3) by adding at the end the following:

‘(20)(A) unless an election provided for in subparagraph (B) is made with respect to the State, provides procedures for criminal records checks for any prospective foster or adoptive parent before the foster or adoptive parent may be finally approved for placement of a child on whose behalf foster care maintenance payments or adoption assistance payments are to be made under the State plan under this part, including procedures requiring that–

‘(i) in any case in which a record check reveals a felony conviction for child abuse or neglect, for spousal abuse, for a crime against children (including child pornography), or for a crime involving violence, including rape, sexual assault, or homicide, but not including other physical assault or battery, if a State finds that a court of competent jurisdiction has determined that the felony was committed at any time, such final approval shall not be granted; and

‘(ii) in any case in which a record check reveals a felony conviction for physical assault, battery, or a drug-related offense, if a State finds that a court of competent jurisdiction has determined that the felony was committed within the past 5 years, such final approval shall not be granted; and

‘(B) subparagraph (A) shall not apply to a State plan if the Governor of the State has notified the Secretary in writing that the State has elected to make subparagraph (A) inapplicable to the State, or if the State legislature, by law, has elected to make subparagraph (A) inapplicable to the State.’.

SEC. 107. DOCUMENTATION OF EFFORTS FOR ADOPTION OR LOCATION OF A PERMANENT HOME.

Section 475(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 675(1)) is amended–

(1) in the last sentence–

(A) by striking ‘the case plan must also include’; and

(B) by redesignating such sentence as subparagraph (D) and indenting appropriately; and

(2) by adding at the end the following:

‘(E) In the case of a child with respect to whom the permanency plan is adoption or placement in another permanent home, documentation of the steps the agency is taking to find an adoptive family or other permanent living arrangement for the child, to place the child with an adoptive family, a fit and willing relative, a legal guardian, or in another planned permanent living arrangement, and to finalize the adoption or legal guardianship. At a minimum, such documentation shall include child specific recruitment efforts such as the use of State, regional, and national adoption exchanges including electronic exchange systems.’.

TITLE II–INCENTIVES FOR PROVIDING PERMANENT FAMILIES FOR CHILDREN 

SEC. 201. ADOPTION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.

(a) IN GENERAL- Part E of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 670-67942 U.S.C. 670-67942 U.S.C. 670-67942 U.S.C. 670-67942 U.S.C. 670-679) is amended by inserting after section 473 the following:

‘SEC. 473A. ADOPTION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS.

‘(a) GRANT AUTHORITY- Subject to the availability of such amounts as may be provided in advance in appropriations Acts for this purpose, the Secretary shall make a grant to each State that is an incentive-eligible State for a fiscal year in an amount equal to the adoption incentive payment payable to the State under this section for the fiscal year, which shall be payable in the immediately succeeding fiscal year.

‘(b) INCENTIVE-ELIGIBLE STATE- A State is an incentive-eligible State for a fiscal year if–

‘(1) the State has a plan approved under this part for the fiscal year;

‘(2) the number of foster child adoptions in the State during the fiscal year exceeds the base number of foster child adoptions for the State for the fiscal year;

‘(3) the State is in compliance with subsection (c) for the fiscal year;

‘(4) in the case of fiscal years 2001 and 2002, the State provides health insurance coverage to any child with special needs (as determined under section 473(c)) for whom there is in effect an adoption assistance agreement between a State and an adoptive parent or parents; and

‘(5) the fiscal year is any of fiscal years 1998 through 2002.

‘(c) DATA REQUIREMENTS-

‘(1) IN GENERAL- A State is in compliance with this subsection for a fiscal year if the State has provided to the Secretary the data described in paragraph (2)–

‘(A) for fiscal years 1995 through 1997 (or, if the first fiscal year for which the State seeks a grant under this section is after fiscal year 1998, the fiscal year that precedes such first fiscal year); and

‘(B) for each succeeding fiscal year that precedes the fiscal year.

‘(2) DETERMINATION OF NUMBERS OF ADOPTIONS-

‘(A) DETERMINATIONS BASED ON AFCARS DATA- Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall determine the numbers of foster child adoptions and of special needs adoptions in a State during each of fiscal years 1995 through 2002, for purposes of this section, on the basis of data meeting the requirements of the system established pursuant to section 479, as reported by the State and approved by the Secretary by August 1 of the succeeding fiscal year.

‘(B) ALTERNATIVE DATA SOURCES PERMITTED FOR FISCAL YEARS 1995 THROUGH 1997- For purposes of the determination described in subparagraph (A) for fiscal years 1995 through 1997, the Secretary may use data from a source or sources other than that specified in subparagraph (A) that the Secretary finds to be of equivalent completeness and reliability, as reported by a State by November 30, 1997, and approved by the Secretary by March 1, 1998.

‘(3) NO WAIVER OF AFCARS REQUIREMENTS- This section shall not be construed to alter or affect any requirement of section 479 or of any regulation prescribed under such section with respect to reporting of data by States, or to waive any penalty for failure to comply with such a requirement.

‘(d) ADOPTION INCENTIVE PAYMENT-

‘(1) IN GENERAL- Except as provided in paragraph (2), the adoption incentive payment payable to a State for a fiscal year under this section shall be equal to the sum of–

‘(A) $4,000, multiplied by the amount (if any) by which the number of foster child adoptions in the State during the fiscal year exceeds the base number of foster child adoptions for the State for the fiscal year; and

‘(B) $2,000, multiplied by the amount (if any) by which the number of special needs adoptions in the State during the fiscal year exceeds the base number of special needs adoptions for the State for the fiscal year.

‘(2) PRO RATA ADJUSTMENT IF INSUFFICIENT FUNDS AVAILABLE- For any fiscal year, if the total amount of adoption incentive payments otherwise payable under this section for a fiscal year exceeds the amount appropriated pursuant to subsection (h) for the fiscal year, the amount of the adoption incentive payment payable to each State under this section for the fiscal year shall be–

‘(A) the amount of the adoption incentive payment that would otherwise be payable to the State under this section for the fiscal year; multiplied by

‘(B) the percentage represented by the amount so appropriated for the fiscal year, divided by the total amount of adoption incentive payments otherwise payable under this section for the fiscal year.

‘(e) 2-YEAR AVAILABILITY OF INCENTIVE PAYMENTS- Payments to a State under this section in a fiscal year shall remain available for use by the State through the end of the succeeding fiscal year.

‘(f) LIMITATIONS ON USE OF INCENTIVE PAYMENTS- A State shall not expend an amount paid to the State under this section except to provide to children or families any service (including post-adoption services) that may be provided under part B or E. Amounts expended by a State in accordance with the preceding sentence shall be disregarded in determining State expenditures for purposes of Federal matching payments under sections 423, 434, and 474.

‘(g) DEFINITIONS- As used in this section:

‘(1) FOSTER CHILD ADOPTION- The term ‘foster child adoption’ means the final adoption of a child who, at the time of adoptive placement, was in foster care under the supervision of the State.

‘(2) SPECIAL NEEDS ADOPTION- The term ‘special needs adoption’ means the final adoption of a child for whom an adoption assistance agreement is in effect under section 473.

‘(3) BASE NUMBER OF FOSTER CHILD ADOPTIONS- The term ‘base number of foster child adoptions for a State’ means–

‘(A) with respect to fiscal year 1998, the average number of foster child adoptions in the State in fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997; and

‘(B) with respect to any subsequent fiscal year, the number of foster child adoptions in the State in the fiscal year for which the number is the greatest in the period that begins with fiscal year 1997 and ends with the fiscal year preceding such subsequent fiscal year.

‘(4) BASE NUMBER OF SPECIAL NEEDS ADOPTIONS- The term ‘base number of special needs adoptions for a State’ means–

‘(A) with respect to fiscal year 1998, the average number of special needs adoptions in the State in fiscal years 1995, 1996, and 1997; and

‘(B) with respect to any subsequent fiscal year, the number of special needs adoptions in the State in the fiscal year for which the number is the greatest in the period that begins with fiscal year 1997 and ends with the fiscal year preceding such subsequent fiscal year.

‘(h) LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS-

‘(1) IN GENERAL- For grants under subsection (a), there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary $20,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999 through 2003.

‘(2) AVAILABILITY- Amounts appropriated under paragraph (1) are authorized to remain available until expended, but not after fiscal year 2003.

‘(i) TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE-

‘(1) IN GENERAL- The Secretary may, directly or through grants or contracts, provide technical assistance to assist States and local communities to reach their targets for increased numbers of adoptions and, to the extent that adoption is not possible, alternative permanent placements, for children in foster care.

‘(2) DESCRIPTION OF THE CHARACTER OF THE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE- The technical assistance provided under paragraph (1) may support the goal of encouraging more adoptions out of the foster care system, when adoptions promote the best interests of children, and may include the following:

‘(A) The development of best practice guidelines for expediting termination of parental rights.

‘(B) Models to encourage the use of concurrent planning.

‘(C) The development of specialized units and expertise in moving children toward adoption as a permanency goal.

‘(D) The development of risk assessment tools to facilitate early identification of the children who will be at risk of harm if returned home.

‘(E) Models to encourage the fast tracking of children who have not attained 1 year of age into pre-adoptive placements.

‘(F) Development of programs that place children into pre-adoptive families without waiting for termination of parental rights.

‘(3) TARGETING OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO THE COURTS- Not less than 50 percent of any amount appropriated pursuant to paragraph (4) shall be used to provide technical assistance to the courts.

‘(4) LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS- To carry out this subsection, there are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary of Health and Human Services not to exceed $10,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1998 through 2000.’.

(b) DISCRETIONARY CAP ADJUSTMENT FOR ADOPTION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS-

(1) SECTION 251 AMENDMENT- Section 251(b)(2) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (2 U.S.C. 901(b)(2)), as amended by section 10203(a)(4) of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

‘(G) ADOPTION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS- Whenever a bill or joint resolution making appropriations for fiscal year 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, or 2003 is enacted that specifies an amount for adoption incentive payments pursuant to this part for the Department of Health and Human Services–

‘(i) the adjustments for new budget authority shall be the amounts of new budget authority provided in that measure for adoption incentive payments, but not to exceed $20,000,000; and

‘(ii) the adjustment for outlays shall be the additional outlays flowing from such amount.’.

(2) SECTION 314 AMENDMENT- Section 314(b) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974, as amended by section 10114(a) of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997, is amended–

(A) by striking ‘or’ at the end of paragraph (4);

(B) by striking the period at the end of paragraph (5) and inserting ‘; or’; and

(C) by adding at the end the followi

‘(6) in the case of an amount for adoption incentive payments (as defined in section 251(b)(2)(G) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985) for fiscal year 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, or 2003 for the Department of Health and Human Services, an amount not to exceed $20,000,000.’.

Read more about the Adoption and Safe Families Act from Speaker of the House of Representatives Vice President of the United States and
President of the Senate by clicking here ▶

Already each council has their own set of standards and procedures concerning social services departments. Is this really our Government, putting their hands up to say they are unable to keep up with the level of corruption within those departments and you can all do what you want?

via The Child Protection System In England 2016.

Do your own research

I believe that keeping silent when an injustice is taking place is condoning it.

About towardchange

Your ‘Family Rights’ believing in the best interest of children. The issues which are important to me are, children and their families, the injustices to parents, which may occur, because of inadequate information, mistakes or corruption. This is happening every day. every minute and every second.
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